Steps to Success in Fundamental Writing: Student Workbook

Steps to Success in Fundamental Writing: Student Workbook is designed to teach the skills necessary for you to become a confident writer. By completing the brief, straightforward assignments in this workbook, you will discover that writing is an attainable skill.

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction xi
  2. Chapter 1: Steps to Success 1
    1. Steps to Success in This Class 2
    2. Steps to Success at Work 2
    3. Steps to Success at School 3
    4. Steps to Success in Life 6
  3. Chapter 2: Steps to Success in Writing 7
    1. Understanding the Importance of Writing 8
    2. The Process of Writing 8
    3. Editing 10
    4. Sample Student Editing 11
    5. The Structured Paragraph 13
    6. The Structured Essay: Transitioning from Paragraphs to Essays 16
    7. Beyond the Five-Paragraph Essay 17
    8. Creating a Hook 18
    9. Using Effective Transitions 18
    10. Transitions to Use for Writing Assignments 19
    11. Framing a Paper 20
    12. Memoir Instructions 21
    13. Suggested Topics to Consider 23
  4. Chapter 3: Cover Letter Paragraph 29
    1. Cover Letter Paragraph 30
    2. Possible Career Choices 32
    3. Prewriting Worksheet for Cover Letter 33
    4. Notes for the Paragraph Outline 36
    5. Cover Letter Outline Form to Complete 37
    6. Basic Transitions to Use in Your Cover Letter 38
    7. Sample Complex Transitions 39
    8. Action Verbs to Strengthen the Cover Letter 40
    9. Tips for Writing Business Letters 42
    10. Business Letter Block Format 44
    11. Business Letter Block Format—Multi-Paragraphs 45
    12. Elements of Structure in Sample Cover Letter 46
    13. Peer Evaluation for the Cover Letter 49
    14. Revising and Editing Checklist for the Cover Letter 50
    15. Preliminary Work Checklist for the Cover Letter 51
    16. Instructions for Letter to Instructor 52
    17. Instructor Evaluation Form for the Cover Letter 53
    18. Poorly Written Sample Cover Letter 55
    19. Strong Sample Cover Letter: “Mental Health Physician” 56
    20. Sample Student Cover Letter: “Interior Designer” 58
    21. Sample Student Cover Letter: “Engineer” 60
    22. Sample Student Cover Letter: “Crime Scene Investigator” 62
    23. Sample Student Cover Letter: “Judge” 64
    24. Sample Student Cover Letter: “Finance” 66
    25. Sample Student Cover Letter: “Accountant” 68
    26. Sample Student Letter to a Loan Officer 70
  5. Chapter 4: Process Paragraph 72
    1. Process Paragraph 73
    2. Review—Punctuating Quoted Words and Passages 75
    3. Outline Form for the Process Paragraph 76
    4. Sample Outline Form for the Process Paragraph 77
    5. Elements of Structure in Sample Process Paragraph 78
    6. Poorly Written Process Paragraph 80
    7. Strong Sample Process Paragraph 81
    8. Instructor Evaluation of the Process Paragraph 83
  6. Chapter 5: Descriptive Paragraph 85
    1. Descriptive Paragraph: Analysis of a Photograph 86
    2. Prewriting Worksheet for Descriptive Paragraph 88
    3. Additional Prewriting Worksheet 89
    4. Descriptive Paragraph Outline Form 90
    5. Sample Descriptive Paragraph Outline Form 92
    6. Elements of Structure in Sample Paragraph: “Her Majesty” 94
    7. Descriptive and Literary Language 96
    8. Review of Descriptive and Literary Language 97
    9. Peer Evaluation for the Descriptive Paragraph 99
    10. Revising and Editing Checklist 101
    11. Preliminary Work Checklist for the Descriptive Paragraph 103
    12. Instructions for Letter to Instructor 104
    13. Instructor Descriptive Paragraph Evaluation Form 105
    14. Sample Student Descriptive Paragraphs 107
      1. “Torment” 107
      2. “The Belladonna of Sorrow” 109
      3. “Devastating Depression” 112
      4. “Panic” 114
  7. Chapter 6: Cause or Effect Paragraph 117
    1. Cause or Effect Paragraph 118
    2. Prewriting for Cause Paragraph 120
    3. Prewriting for Effect Paragraph 121
    4. Further Prewriting for Cause or Effect Paragraph 122
    5. Outline for the Cause or Effect Paragraph 123
    6. Sample Outline for the Cause or Effect Paragraph 125
    7. Elements of Structure in Sample Paragraph 126
    8. Peer Evaluation for the Cause or Effect Paragraph 129
    9. Revising and Editing Checklist 130
    10. Preliminary Work Checklist for the Cause or Effect Paragraph 131
    11. Instructions for Letter to Instructor 132
    12. Instructor Evaluation Form: Cause/Effect Paragraph 133
    13. Sample Student Cause or Effect Paragraphs 135
    14. Sample of a Poorly Written Cause or Effect Paragraph 135
    15. Strong Sample Cause or Effect Paragraph 136
      1. “Decisions . . . Decisions . . . “ 136
      2. “I Have Learned” 138
      3. “Torture for Those Afflicted” 140
      4. “Wrong Way” 143
  8. Chapter 7: Single-Source Paragraph 145
    1. In-Class Single-Source Paragraph 146
    2. Additional Information about the Assignment 148
    3. Incorporating Quoted Passages in Academic Writing 149
    4. Sample Outline for the Single-Source Paragraph 150
    5. Outline for the Single-Source Paragraph 151
    6. Peer Evaluation for In-Class Single-Source Outline 153
    7. Instructor Evaluation Form for In-Class Paragraph 155
  9. Chapter 8: The Five-Paragraph Essay 157
    1. The Five-Paragraph Essay 158
    2. Transition from Writing a Paragraph to an Essay 160
    3. Outline Form for the Five-Paragraph Essay 161
    4. Single-Source Five-Paragraph Essay Outline 165
    5. Elements of Structure in Sample Five-Paragraph Essay: “A Strong Woman” 169
    6. Peer Evaluation for the Five-Paragraph Essay 175
    7. Revising and Editing Checklist 176
    8. Preliminary Work Checklist for the Five-Paragraph Essay 177
    9. Instructions for Letter to Instructor 178
    10. Instructor Evaluation Form—Five-Paragraph Essay 179
    11. Sample Single-Source Essay: “Salute to a Sacrificed Life” 180
    12. Sample Cause Essay: “What More Could One Ask For” 186
    13. Sample Cause Essay: “Worth Every Second” 190
    14. Sample Cover Letter Essay: “Hire Me” 193
    15. Sample Process Essay: “Diving with Sharks” 196
    16. Single-Source Outline for the Final In-Class Essay 201
  10. Chapter 9: Grammar, Sentence Structure, and Punctuation 207
    1. Memorization List 208
    2. Commonly Confused Words 210
    3. Commonly Confused Words Review 214
    4. Rules for Capitalizing 216
    5. Capital Letters Review 217
    6. Capital Letters—Further Review 218
    7. Prepositional Phrases 219
    8. Subjects 220
    9. Subject Review 221
    10. Verbs 222
    11. Grammar in Context—Parts of Speech Review 224
    12. Grammar in Context—Parts of Speech Review 225
    13. Clauses 226
    14. Clause Review 226
    15. Punctuation of Dependent Clauses 227
    16. Fragments 228
      1. Missing Subject Fragment 229
      2. Missing Verb Fragment 230
      3. Added Detail Fragment 231
      4. “to” Phrase Fragment 232
      5. “-ing” Phrase Fragment 233
      6. Dependent Clause Fragment 234
    17. Fragments—Review 235
    18. Fragments—Further Review 236
    19. Run-ons 237
    20. Run-ons—Review 238
    21. Five Ways to Fix a Run-on Sentence 239
      1. Use a Period 239
      2. Use a Semicolon 240
      3. Use a Semicolon, a Longer Transitional Word, and a Comma 241
      4. Use a Comma and “FANBOYS” 242
      5. Use a Dependent Word 243
    22. Run-ons—Review 244
    23. Run-ons—Further Review 245
    24. Longer Transitional Words (LTWs) and Their Meanings 246
    25. Longer Transitional Words—Review 247
    26. Longer Transitional Words—Further Review 248
    27. Longer Transitional Words—Further Review 249
    28. The Compound Sentence 250
    29. Compound Sentences—Review 251
    30. The Complex Sentence 252
    31. Complex Sentences—Review 253
    32. Complex Sentence and Dependent Word Review 254
    33. The Compound-Complex Sentence 255
    34. Compound-Complex Sentence Review 256
    35. Compound, Complex, and Compound-Complex Sentence Review 257
    36. Sentence Variety 258
    37. Comma Rules 260
    38. Comma Review 262
    39. Grammar in Context—Comma Review 263
    40. Semicolons 264
    41. Semicolon Review 265
    42. Commas and Semicolons—Review 266
    43. Commas and Semicolons—Further Review 267
    44. Punctuation Review—Commas and Semicolons 268
    45. Colons 270
    46. Colons—Review 271
    47. Apostrophes—Pre-Test Your Knowledge 273
    48. Apostrophes 274
    49. Apostrophes—Review 276
    50. Apostrophes—Further Review 277
    51. Misused Modifiers 278
    52. Misused Modifier—Review 279
    53. Subject / Verb Agreement 280
    54. Subject / Verb Agreement—Review 282
    55. Subject / Verb Agreement—Further Review 283
    56. Subject / Verb Agreement—Further Review 284
    57. Avoiding Shifts in Time 285
    58. Shifts in Time—Review 286
    59. Avoiding Shifts in Person 287
    60. Shifts in Person—Review 288
    61. Proper Pronoun Usage and Agreement— Pre-Test Your Knowledge 289
    62. Proper Pronoun Usage 290
    63. Pronoun Agreement 291
    64. Proper Pronoun Usage and Agreement—Re-Test Your Knowledge 292
    65. Proper Pronoun Usage and Agreement—Review 293
    66. Proper Pronoun Usage and Agreement—Further Review 294
    67. Proper Pronoun Agreement—Further Review 295
    68. Parallel Structure 297
    69. Parallel Structure—Review 298
    70. Parallel Structure—Further Review 299
    71. Could’ve, Would’ve, Should’ve . . . 300
  11. Chapter 10: Additional Resources 301
    1. MLA Format 302
    2. Directions for Resubmitting Writing Assignments for a Higher Grade 304
    3. Sample of Resubmitted Work 305
    4. Preparing for the In-Class Reading Packet 306
    5. Extra Paragraph Outline Form 307
    6. Extra Paragraph Outline Form 308
    7. Extra Outline Form for the Five-Paragraph Essay 309
    8. Extra Single-Source Five-Paragraph Essay Outline 313
    9. Student Grade Calculation 317
    10. Student Grade Calculation 319
  12. Chapter 11: Works Cited 321
    1. Works Cited 322
  13. About the Author 323