Statistics for the Normal (i.e. Panic-Stricken) Psychology Major, 1e

This text was written especially for the statistically normal (i.e. panic-stricken) social science student. It presents the critical relevant material in a thorough, yet simple, creatively humorous manner.

Table of Contents

  1. Chapter 1 But I Want to Be a Psychologist! 1
    1. Problems 4
  2. Chapter 2 An Introduction to Measurement 5
    1. Scales of Measurement 5
    2. What Is a Score? 7
    3. Real Limits 8
    4. Rounding Rules 9
    5. Problems 10
  3. Chapter 3 Organizing Data 13
    1. Frequency Distributions? 13
    2. Graphs 18
    3. SPSS 24
    4. Problems 26
  4. Chapter 4 Representative Scores and Individual Differences 29
    1. Measures of Central Tendency 30
    2. Measures of Variability 40
    3. SPSS 45
    4. Problems 46
  5. Chapter 5 The Meaning of a Score 49
    1. Percentile Rank 50
    2. The Percentile Score 52
    3. z Scores and the Standard Distribution 54
    4. SPSS 55
    5. Problems 56
  6. Chapter 6 The Relationship Between Distributions 57
    1. The Nature of Relationships 58
    2. Scatterplot 58
    3. Predictions 60
    4. Correlation 65
    5. Coefficient of Determination 68
    6. Partial Correlation 69
    7. SPSS 70
    8. Problems 73
  7. Chapter 7 Probability and the Population 77
    1. Probability Theory 78
    2. Parameters of the Population 78
    3. The Normal Distribution 78
    4. Problems 85
  8. Chapter 8 Inferential Statistics: Testing Hypotheses 87
    1. Generating Hypotheses 87
    2. Defining Variables 88
    3. Subjects/Participants and Samples 88
    4. Hypothesis Testing 92
    5. Problems 93
  9. Chapter 9 t-Test 95
    1. The t-Test 96
    2. Student t-Test 96
    3. Independent t-Test 98
    4. Correlated t-Test 102
    5. Effect Size 104
    6. SPSS 105
    7. Statistical Error 108
    8. Problems 109
  10. Chapter 10 Simple Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) 113
    1. Simple Between Group ANOVA 114
    2. Simple Within Group ANOVA 120
    3. Effect Size for Simple ANOVA (c^2) 123
    4. Post Hoc Tests 123
    5. SPSS 125
    6. Problems 128
  11. Chapter 11 Complex ANOVA 133
    1. Two Factor Between Group ANOVA 133
    2. Two Factor ANOVA, Repeated Measure on One Factor 137
    3. Two Factor Within Group ANOVA 140
    4. SPSS 142
    5. Problems 151
  12. Chapter 12 Nonparametric Techniques 153
    1. Chi Square Test 153
    2. Nonparametric Caveat 157
    3. Significant Relationships 158
    4. SPSS 159
    5. Problems 160
  13. Chapter 13 Statistics and Psychology 161
  14. Appendix 163
    1. A. Proportions of Area under the Standard Normal Curve? 163
    2. B. Critical Values of t 168
    3. C. Critical Values of F 169
    4. D1. Q Scores for Tukey’s Method (a = 0.01) 173
    5. D2. Q Scores for Tukey’s Method(a = 0.05) 174
    6. E. Critical Values of Chi Square 175
    7. F. Critical Values of the Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient, r 176
    8. G. Critical Values for the Spearman, Rank-Order Correlation Coefficient (rs) 177
    9. Formulas 178