Fundamentals of Criminal Investigation

Fundamentals of Criminal Investigation is the most realistic, straightforward, and affordable introductory criminal investigation textbook on the market. It covers many of the initial hurdles faced by the new or developing criminal investigator. This text challenges the student to develop skills in investigative strategies, sufficient description, report format, ethics, sketches, and common fundamental written communication media.

Table of Contents

  1. Preface v
  2. Chapter 1: History and Methods of Criminal Investigation 1
    1. History of investigation 2
    2. Laws and ordinances 3
    3. Goals of investigations 4
    4. Patrol officer versus investigator 4
    5. Traits of investigators 5
    6. How the case works and civil liability 5
    7. Chapter Questions 6
  3. Chapter 2: Photographing and Documenting Crime Scenes 7
    1. Photography 8
      1. Cameras 8
      2. Overall Photos 10
    2. Documentation 11
    3. Picture notes, sketches, and diagrams 12
    4. Measurements 13
    5. Computer programs 14
    6. Types of evidence 14
    7. Chapter Questions 14
  4. Chapter 3: Search and Seizure 15
    1. Chapter Summary 15
    2. Our amendments 16
      1. Fourth Amendment 16
      2. Fifth Amendment 18
      3. Sixth Amendment 18
    3. Searches 19
      1. Types and Patterns 19
      2. Contamination Problems 22
    4. Chapter Questions 22
  5. Chapter 4: Reports, the Miranda Rule, and Interviewing versus Interrogation 23
    1. Basic report-writing style24
      1. Goals24
      2. Objectives24
      3. Criminal Case24
      4. Administrative Case 24
    2. Basic report format 25
    3. Follow-up investigation format26
    4. Writing the report26
    5. Search warrants, arrest warrants, and affidavits in support of them26
    6. Miranda decision and warning 27
    7. Interview versus interrogation 28
    8. Chapter Questions 28
  6. Chapter 5: Forensics 29
    1. Chapter Terms 29
    2. Fingerprints 30
      1. Ways Fingerprints Are Used 30
      2. Latent Prints versus Rolled Prints 31
    3. DNA 32
    4. Tool marks 34
      1. History 34
      2. Impressions and Comparison 34
    5. Firearms 35
      1. Types 35
      2. How They Work 37
      3. Markings from Handguns and Rifles 37
    6. Chapter Questions 39
  7. Chapter 6: Violent Crimes 41
    1. Homicide 42
    2. Murder 42
    3. Manslaughter 43
    4. Robbery 44
    5. Assault 44
      1. Battery 45
      2. Mayhem 45
      3. Assault with a Deadly Weapon 46
    6. Sexual assault 46
      1. Rape 46
      2. Sodomy 46
    7. Child molestation 47
    8. Child neglect 48
    9. Child abuse 48
    10. Chapter Questions 48
  8. Chapter 7: Property Crime, Auto Theft, Fraud, Arson, and Explosives 49
    1. Chapter Summary 49
    2. Burglary 50
    3. Arson 55
      1. Arson and Fire Investigations 55
    4. Explosives 56
      1. Handling Explosive Cases 58
    5. Chapter Questions 58
  9. Chapter 8: Special Investigations Crimes 59
    1. Gangs and members 60
      1. Definition of Gang Crime 60
      2. Gang Territory 61
      3. Gang Tattoos and Hand Signs 62
    2. Hate groups 62
    3. Terrorism 63
    4. Computer crimes 63
    5. Drugs 64
      1. Narcotics 65
      2. Stimulants 65
      3. Depressants 66
      4. Designer Drugs 66
    6. Special case prosecution 66
      1. Task Forces 66
    7. Chapter Questions 66
  10. Chapter 9: Testimony 67
    1. Court preparation 68
    2. Courtroom terminology 69
    3. Résumés and CVs 70
    4. Actual testimony 71
    5. Chapter Questions 72
  11. Chapter 10: Gang Slang and Useful Equations 73
    1. Gang Terms and Names 74
      1. Hispanic Gangs 74
      2. Black Gangs—Crips/Bloods 74
      3. White Gangs 74
      4. General Terms 74
      5. Miscellaneous Terms 75
    2. Math and terms used for investigations 75
    3. Temperature conversations 76
  12. Appendix A-1
    1. Format for Investigative Reports A-3
    2. Affidavit for Search Warrant (Gang) A-4
    3. Affidavit for Search Warrant (Narcotic/Property) A-10
    4. Gang Documentation Report A-16
    5. Sealing Order A-17
    6. Search Warrant (Gang) A-18
    7. Search Warrant (Narcotic/Property) A-20